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Highly Symmetric and Congruently Tiled Meshes for Shells and Domes

Rasheed, Muhibur, Chandrajit Bajaj

24th International Meshing Roundtable, Elsevier Ltd., October 12-14 2015

IMR
PROCEEDINGS

24th International Meshing Roundtable
Austin, TX
October 12-14,2014

Computational Visualization Center, Department of Computer Science and Institute of Computational Engineering and Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78731, USA
Email: bajaj@cs.utexas.edu

Abstract
We describe the generation of all possible shell and dome shapes that can be uniquely meshed (tiled) using a single type of mesh face (tile), and following a single meshing (tiling) rule that governs the mesh (tile) arrangement with maximal vertex, edge and face symmetries. Such tiling arrangements or congruently tiled meshed shapes, are frequently found in chemical forms (fullerenes or Bucky balls, crystals, quasi-crystals, virus nano shells or capsids), and synthetic shapes (cages, sports domes, modern architectural facades). Congruently tiled meshes are both aesthetic and complete, as they support maximal mesh symmetries with minimal complexity and possess simple generation rules. Here, we generate congruent tilings and meshed shape layouts that satisfy these optimality conditions. Further, the congruent meshes are uniquely mappable to an almost regular 3D polyhedron (or its dual polyhedron) and which exhibits face-transitive (and edge-transitive) congruency with at most two types of vertices (each type transitive to the other). The family of all such congruently meshed polyhedra create a new class of meshed shapes, beyond the well-studied regular, semi-regular and quasi-regular classes, and their duals (platonic, Catalan and Johnson). While our new mesh class is infinite, we prove that there exists a unique mesh parametrization, where each member of the class can be represented by two integer lattice variables, and moreover eciently constructable.

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