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AComparison of Tetrahedral Mesh Improvement Techniques

Freitag, Lori A. and Carl Ollivier-Gooch

5th International Meshing Roundtable, Sandia National Laboratories, pp.87-106, October 1996

INTERNATIONAL
MESHING
ROUNTABLE

Abstract
Automatic mesh generation and adaptive refinement methods for complex three- dimensional domains have proven to be very successful tools for the efficient solution of complex applications problems. These methods can, however, produce poorly shaped elements that cause the numerical solution to be less accurate and more difficult to compute. Fortunately, the shape of the elements can be improved through several mechanisms, including face-swapping techniques that change local connectivity and optimization based mesh smoothing methods that adjust grid point location. We consider several criteria for each of these two methods and compare the quality of several meshes obtained by using different combinations of swapping and smoothing. Computational experiments show that swapping is critical to the improvement of general mesh quality and that optimization-based smoothing is highly effective in eliminating very small and very large angles. The highest quality meshes are obtained by using a combination of swapping and smoothing techniques.

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